SMEs in the Industrial Sector
Opportunities and Challenges for Industrial Symbiosis in the Baltic Sea Region
Industrial symbiosis is one of the many solutions to the global challenges of sustainability and societal resilience. The establishment of industrial symbiosis networks can contribute to environmental, economic as well as social sustainability. The aim of this report is to identify the advantages, challenges, and conditions for small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs) in the industrial sector to participate in industrial symbiosis networks, and to recommend policy measures required for further involvement of SMEs in industrial symbiosis networks. The purpose is to increase the knowledge about what is required for increasing the circularity of companies’ energy, water and material streams.